This is a “landing page” for the intersection of permaculture and anarchy.
- Permaculture: Ethical Design for Living
- Occupy Permaculture
- Transition Forerunner, Colin Ward: A Life in Review
- Police seize seedballs
- Fee For Service & Anti-pattern Capitalism – two permaculture critiques of capitalism
- Liberation Ecology – social ecologist permaculturalist blog
- Liberation Permaculture Design Course videos
- Root of All Evil? – former anarcho-punk justifies participating in the money economy to spread permaculture
Core Permaculture Resources
- Plants for a Future database
- An Introduction to Permaculture torrent – videos and books
- E-Book collection about Permaculture, Ecology and Anarchism
- kad budu gorjeli gradovi – listings of books on permaculture and quite a number of other topics (mostly English)
- Permaculture Media Blog
- Permies.com – webforum & videos
- Fungi.com – Paul Stamets, the mushroom guru
Issues in Permaculture
Critical insights into some short-comings of the permaculture movement:
- Limits? What Limits? – The Difficult 3rd Ethic of Permaculture
- Certification in Permaculture Education
For temperate climates (Europe, much of North America and Asia) I believe that forest gardening makes more sense than any other documented cultivation modality. Focusing on tree species can actually increase ‘productivity’ of a given plot of land while creating a more complex system than is possible when utilizing only herbaceous plants. There is a recent tendency to equate forest gardening with agroforestry, which I disagree with. Agroforestry is a paradigm being pushed mostly by land-grant type universities that focus on one or two cash crops produced on a large scale in a system that includes trees. Forest gardening utilizes a diversity of species in unique setups that are not easily (nor likely profitably) reproducible on a large scale. Though forest gardening is a relatively new concept to moderns and Westerners, many cultures throughout the world have practiced subsistence methods of forest horticulture. As with other permaculture modalities, ancient and innovative forest gardening knowledges are converging.
- Edible Forest Gardening pamphlet at ZineLibrary
- An introductory article from Mother Earth News
- The book on the subject, Edible Forest Gardens by Jacke and Toensmeier. An excerpt.
- And, of course, a plethora of YouTube videos on the subject
Some permaculturalists and anarchists have looked to the organizational model of the Mondragón co-op of Basqueland for inspiration. In recent years, Mondragón has received criticism from anarchists and other labor groups.
- The Mondragon Co-operative Federation: A model for our times?
- Go slow strike at Mondragon factory
- Co-operatives: all in this together? (from The Economist, arguably the premier international capitalist magazine)
- The Mondragon Experiment – a 1980 documentary
Permaculture and civilization
The critiques of civilization have been influential in the contemporary anarchist movement. Ran Prieur has written an accessible, succinct FAQ on the subject. There are many divergent opinions of permaculture among anti-civilization anarchists from outright rejection, to critical acceptance. John Zerzan, perhaps the best-known exponent of anti-civilization anarchy, has spoken highly of Masanobu Fukuoka and other permaculturalists.
- Anarchism and the Politics of Technology – an intro to anarchist opinions about civilization vis-a-vis technology, with some discussion of permaculture
- Against agriculture & in defense of cultivation and Against Cultivation and in defense of wildness
- Permaculture Vs. Rewilding by Urban Scout, a non-anarchist primitivist
- Permaculture Ethics: Why Permaculture Is Different – Daniel Quinn style analysis
Appropriate technology has been popular in many of the same circles as permaculture, but seems to have received little attention from the more industrially-oriented anarchists. Unfortunate, as much of the work being done with appropriate technology is by NGO liberals.
- Reclaim the Fields – European agro-activists
Last updated December 23, 2011